Efficiency Gains Make Small Cars Less Appealing

Efficiency Advances In Larger Cars

If you could get the same fuel economy from a larger car as you would in a smaller car, which would you choose? For most people, the choice is obvious. As much as I like smaller cars, there’s something to be said for having more room for people and cargo, and maybe a bit less intimidation from tractor-trailers on the highway.

The relationship between MPG and size used to be clear cut – if you wanted to get high mileage, you bought a small car. But with each generation of fuel efficiency advances that are being engineered into midsize and larger cars, small cars lose some of their efficiency luster.

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A Tale of Three Fords

The most fuel-efficient Ford Fusion sedan – excluding hybrids – has a 1.5L EcoBoost four-cylinder engine. With its 6-speed automatic transmission, this Fusion model gets a combined EPA rating of 29 mpg. Compare that to two Ford Focus models. The most fuel-efficient Focus gets 31 mpg combined. A more “standard” Focus is rated at 30 mpg.

So two miles per gallon separates these cars. The Fusion has 100 cu. ft. of passenger volume; the Focus sedan has 90 cu. ft. The Fusion’s trunk is 3 cu. ft. larger. For a family of three or four people, that’s a big difference.

What difference will 2 mpg make over the course of a year? If you drive 15,000 miles a year, and gasoline stays at around $2.00/gallon (today’s AAA national average is $2.03), the larger Ford sedan will cost you $66.60 more per year, or put another way, just $5.55 a month – about the cost of a Venti Frappuccino at Starbuck’s.

A Handful of Hyundais
Things get even more interesting when comparing midsize and small Hyundai sedans.

Handful_of_Hyundais_2

 

The most fuel-efficient Hyundai Accent is rated at 30 mpg EPA Combined. The thriftiest non-hybrid Sonata, with a new 1.6L turbo-four, is rated at 32 mpg. So you can have extra room and save money at the pump, too. Even the non-turbo, four-cylinder Sonata gets only 1 mpg less than the much smaller Accent.

A Smattering Of Small Cars
Here’s another look at some small cars and their EPA ratings.

Similar_Small_Cars_2

 

None of these examples presents a compelling case for downsizing. I could certainly argue that a Fiat 500 would be a whole lot more fun to drive than a Ford Fusion, but looking at things rationally, the Fiat and other small cars don’t add up.

Expensive Efficiency
One of the reasons for this disparity in favor of larger cars is that automakers are applying their newest fuel-saving features to this class of vehicle. Notable examples include small turbocharged engines – 1.5 and 1.6L four cylinders – and wide-ratio transmissions, plus stop/start technology and aerodynamic aids. Since small cars have much lower profit margins, automakers seem to be saving these expensive new technologies for larger cars, at least for now.

There’s a real irony here. To borrow the old hot-rodder saying: Fuel economy costs money. How efficient do you want to be?

 

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